Publications

A full CV is available Here.

scholarship profiles at google scholar and orcid

Textbooks

Cunningham, G. B. (forthcoming, 2019). Diversity and inclusion in sport organizations: A multilevel perspective (4th ed.). New York, NY: Routledge. Order here.

Reference List

Cunningham, G. B., Fink, J. S., & Doherty, A. J. (Eds.) (2016). Routledge handbook of theory in sport management. London. Routledge. Available here. Media release here

Cunningham, G. B. (2015). Diversity and inclusion in sport organizations (3rd ed.) Scottsdale, AZ: Holcomb Hathaway. Available here

Cunningham, G. B. (Ed.). (2013). Sport management. Gloucestershire, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. Available here

Cunningham, G. B. (Ed). (2012). Sexual orientation and gender identity in sport: Essays from activists, coaches, and scholars. College Station, TX: Center for Sport Management Research and Education. Available here.

Cunningham, G. B. (2011). Diversity in sport organizations (2nd ed.). Scottsdale, AZ: Holcomb Hathaway.

Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Diversity in sport organizations. Scottsdale, AZ: Holcomb Hathaway.

 

Most Recent Journal Articles

Smittick, A. L., Miner, K., & Cunningham, G. B. (in press). The “I” in team: Leader incivility, leader gender, and team performance. Sport Management Review.  (Article) (Link)

Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (in press). Moving toward understanding social justice in sport organizations: A study of engagement in social justice advocacy in sport organizations. Journal of Sport and Social Issues. (Article)

Anderson, A., Dixon, M. A., Oshiro, K. F., Wicker, P., Cunningham, G. B., & Heere, B. (in press). Managerial perceptions of factors affecting the design and delivery of sport for health programs for refugee populations. Sport Management Review. (Article) (Link)

Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (in press). Group diversity’s effects on sport teams and organizations: A meta-analysis. European Sport Management Quarterly. (Article) (Link)

Cunningham, G. B., & Warner, S. (in press). Baseball 4 All: Providing inclusive spaces for persons with disabilities. Journal of Global Sport Management. (Article) (Link)

Cunningham, G. B., & Ahn, N. Y. (in press). Moderation in sport management research: Room for growth. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. (Article) (Link)

Cunningham, G. B., Buzuvis, E., & Mosier, C. (2018). Inclusive spaces and locker rooms for transgender athletes. Kinesiology Review, 7, 365-374. (Article)

Official Position State from American Kinesiology Association

Vick, A., & Cunningham, G. B. (2018). Bias against Latina and African American women job applicants: A field experiment. Sport, Business, Management: An International Journal8(4), 410-430. (Article) (Link)

Pickett, A. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2018). Body weight stigma in physical activity settings. American Journal of Health Studies, 33(1), 21-29. (Article) (Link)

Cunningham, G. B., Fairley, S., Ferkins, L., Kerwin, S., Lock, D., Shaw, S. & Wicker, P. (2018). eSport: Construct specifications and implications for sport management. Sport Management Review, 21, 1-6.  (Article) (Link)

Cunningham, G. B., & Pickett, A. C. (2018). Trans prejudice in sport: Differences from LGB prejudice, the influence of gender, and changes over time.  Sex Roles, 78, 220-227. (Article) (Link)

Pickett, A. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2018). The fat leading the thin: Relative body size, physical activity identification, and behavioral intentions. Journal of Applied Sport Management, 10, 1-12. (Article) (Link)

Wright, T., & Cunningham, G. B. (2017). Disability status, stereotype content threat, and employment opportunities. Sport, Business and Management, 7(4), 393-403. (Article) (Link)

Ahn, N. Y., & Cunningham, G. B. (2017). Cultural values and gender equity on National Olympic Committee boards. International Journal of Exercise Science,10(6), 857-874. (Article)

Pickett, A. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2017). Creating inclusive physical activity spaces: The case of body positive yoga. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport88(3), 329-338. (Article) (Link)

Pickett, A. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2017). Physical activity for every body: A model for managing weight stigma and creating body-inclusive spaces. Quest, 69, 19-36. (Article) (Link)

Rosselli, A. C., Cunningham, G. B., & Singer, J. N. (2017). Does golf = White? Perceptions of the prototypical golfer. International Journal of Sport Studies, 7(1), 1-7. (Article)

Garney,W. R., Wendel, M., McLeroy, K., Alaniz, A., Cunningham, G., Castle, B., Ingram, M., & Burdine, J. (2017). Using community health development to increase community capacity: A multiple case study. Family and Community Health, 40, 18-23. (Article) (Link)

Melton, E. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2016). Weighing the options: Discrimination against fat golfers. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 9, 268-281. (Article) (Link)

Kang, S., & Cunningham, G. B. (2016). The influence of imagined contact and baseball team identification: South Koreans’ prejudice toward Japanese individuals. International Journal of Sport Management, 17, 561-575. (Article)

Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (2016). Gender, sexism, sexual prejudice, and identification with US football and men’s figure skating. Sex Roles, 74, 464-471. (Article) (Link)

Cunningham, G. B. (2015). Creating and sustaining workplace cultures supportive of LGBT employees in college athletics. Journal of Sport Management, 29, 426-442. (Article) (Link)

Cunningham, G. B. (2015). LGBT inclusive athletic departments as actors of social change. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 8, 43-56. (Article) (Link)

Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (2015). A picture is worth a thousand words: The influence of signaling, organizational reputation, and applicant race on attraction to sport organizations. International Journal of Sport Management, 16, 492-506. (Article)

Welty Peachey, J., Cunningham, G. B., Bruening, J. L., Cohen, A., & Lyras, A. (2015). The influence of a sport-for-peace event on prejudice and change agent self-efficacy. Journal of Sport Management, 29, 229-244. (Article) (Link)

Steward, A. D., & Cunningham, G. B. (2015). Racial identity and its impact on job applicants. Journal of Sport Management, 29, 245-256. (Article) (Link)

Welty Peachey, J., Bruening, J., Cohen, A., Lyras, A., & Cunningham, G. B. (2015). Examining social capital development among volunteers of a multinational sport-for-development event. Journal of Sport Management29, 27-41. (Article) (Link)

Sartore-Baldwin, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2014). The (gendered) experiences of female faculty members in health and kinesiology departments. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 22, 83-91. (Article) (Link)

Welty Peachey, J., Cohen, A., Bruening, J. E., Cunningham, G. B., & Lyras, A. (2014). Exploring the motives and retention factors of sport-for-development volunteers. Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 43, 1052-1069. (Article) (Link)

Cunningham, G. B. (2014). Interdependence, mutuality, and collective action in sport. Journal of Sport Management, 28, 1-7. (Earle F. Zeigler Award Lecture paper) (Article) (Link)

Cunningham, G. B., & Melton, E. N. (2014). Signals and cues: LGBT inclusive advertising and consumer attraction. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 23, 37-46. (Article) (Link)

Cunningham, G. B., & Melton, E. N. (2014). Varying degrees of support: Understanding parents’ positive attitudes toward LGBT coaches. Journal of Sport Management, 28, 387-398. (Article) (Link)

Cunningham, G. B. Bergman, M. E., & Miner, K. N. (2014). Interpersonal mistreatment of women in the workplace. Sex Roles, 71, 1-6. (Editor Reviewed). (Article) (Link)

Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (2014). Imagine that: Examining the influence of sport related imagined contacton intergroup anxiety and sexual prejudice across cultures. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 44, 557-566. (Article) (Link)

Melton, E. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2014). Examining the workplace experiences of sport employees who are LGBT: A social categorization theory perspective. Journal of Sport Management, 28,21-33. (Article) (Link)

Melton, E. N., & Cunningham, G B. (2014). Who are the champions? Using a multilevel model to examine perceptions of employee support for LGBT inclusion in sport organizations. Journal of Sport Management,28, 189-206. (Article) (Link)

Walker, J. E. O. Y., & Cunningham, G. B. (2014). The influence of perceived access to healthy food and physical activity on the subjective health of African Americans in rural communities. American Journal of Health Studies, 29, 165-171. (Article) (Link)

Welty Peachey, J., Cunningham, G. B., Lyras, A., Cohen, A., & Bruening, J. (2014). Exploring participant motives to take part in an elite, multinational, sport-for-development event. Event Management, 18, 153-168. (Article)

Nite, C., Singer, J. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2013). Addressing competing logics between the mission of a religious university and the demands of intercollegiate athletics. Sport Management Review, 16, 465-476.

Cunningham, G. B., & Melton, E. N. (2013). Contact with lesbian and gay friends moderates the relationships among religious fundamentalism, sexism, and sexual prejudice. The Journal of Sex Research, 50, 401-408.

Cunningham, G. B. (2013). Theory and theory development in sport management. Sport Management Review, 16, 1-4. (Editor reviewed)

Edwards, M. B., & Cunningham, G. B. (2013). Examining the influence of community racism on physical activity levels and overall health among elderly racial minorities. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10, 932-939.

Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (2013). The power of sport: Examining the influence of sport-related contact and familiarity on intergroup anxiety and racism. International Journal of Sport Management, 14, 462-478.

Cunningham, G. B., Miner, K., & McDonald, J. (2013). Being different and suffering the consequences: The influence of head coach-player racial dissimilarity on experienced incivility. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 48, 689-705.

Cunningham, G. B. (2012). Diversity training in intercollegiate athletics.Journal of Sport Management, 26, 391-403.

Reprinted in: Cunningham, G. B. (2013). Sport management(pp. 324-336). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.  

Cunningham, G. B., & Melton, E. N. (2012). Prejudice against LGB coaches: The influence of race, religious fundamentalism, modern sexism, and contact with sexual minorities. Sociology of Sport Journal, 29, 283-305.

Cunningham, G. B. & Regan, M. R., Jr. (2012). Political activism, racial identity, and commercial endorsement of athletes. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 47, 657-669.

Melton, E. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2012). The effect of LGBT-inclusive policies, gender, and social dominance orientation on organizational attraction. International Journal of Sport Management, 13, 444-462.

Regan, M. R., & Cunningham, G. B. (2012). Analysis of homologous reproduction in community college athletics. Journal for the Study of Sport and Athletes in Education, 6, 161-171.

Cunningham, G. B. (2012). Diversity and academic reform. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport,5, 54-59. (Editor reviewed)

Cunningham, G. B. (2012). Occupational segregation of African Americans in athletic administration. Wake Forest Journal of Law & Policy, 2, 165-178.

Cunningham, G. B. (2012). A multilevel model for understanding the experiences of LGBT sport participants. Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education, 6, 5-20(Editor reviewed)

Cunningham, G. B., & Woods, J. (2012). The influence of advertisement focus, consumer gender, and model gender on attraction to a fitness club. International Journal of Sport Management, 13, 173-185.

Cunningham, G. B., Miner, K., & Benavides-Espinoza, C. (2012). Emotional reactions to observing misogyny: Examining the roles of gender, forecasting, political orientation, and religiosity. Sex Roles, 67, 58-68.  

Fink, J. S., Parker, H. M., Cunningham, G. B., & Cuneen, J. (2012). Female athlete endorsers:  Determinants of effectiveness. Sport Management Review, 15, 13-22.

Melton, E. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2012). When identities collide: Exploring minority stress and resilience among college athletes with multiple marginalized identities. Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education, 6, 45-66.  

Singer, J. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2012). A case study of the diversity culture of an American university athletic department: Implications for educational stakeholders. Sport, Education & Society, 17, 647-669.

Aicher, T. J., & Cunningham, G. B. (2011). The influence of organizational culture and leader gender on perceptions of leader prototypicality and effectiveness. International Journal of Sport management, 12, 344-360. 

Benavides-Espinoza, C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2011). Antecedents and outcomes of sexual harassment: Examining the moderating effects of gender. Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education, 5, 85-104.

Cunningham, G. B. (2011). The LGBT advantage: Examining the relationship among sexual orientation diversity, diversity strategy, and performance. Sport Management Review, 14, 453-461.

Cunningham, G. B. (2011). Creative work environments in sport organizations: The influence of sexual orientation diversity and commitment to diversity. Journal of Homosexuality, 58, 1041-1057. 

Cunningham, G. B., & Melton, E. N. (2011). The benefits of sexual orientation diversity in sport organizations. Journal of Homosexuality, 58, 647-663.

Reprinted in: Anderson, E. (2012). Sport, masculinities, and sexualities(pp. 103-109). New York: Routeledge.

Reprinted in: Cunningham, G. B. (2013). Sport management(pp. 337-353). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.  

Cunningham, G. B., & Singer, J. N. (2011). The primacy of race: Department diversity and its influence on the attraction of a diverse fan base and revenues generated. International Journal of Sport Management, 12, 176-190.

Cunningham, G. B., & Woods, J. (2011). For the health of it: Advertisement message and attraction to fitness clubs. American Journal of Health Studies, 26, 4-9.

McCullough, B. P., & Cunningham, G. B. (2011). Recycling intentions among youth baseball spectators. International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing, 10, 104-120.

Benavides-Espinoza, C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2010). Bystanders’ reactions to sexual harassment. Sex Roles, 63, 201-213.

Benavides-Espinoza, C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2010). Observers’ reporting of sexual harassment: The influence of harassment type, organizational culture, and political orientation. Public Organization Review, 10, 323-337.

Cunningham, G. B. (2010). Predictors of sexual orientation diversity in intercollegiate athletics. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 3, 256-269.

Cunningham, G. B. (2010). Demographic dissimilarity and affective reactions to physical activity classes: The moderating effects of diversity beliefs. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41, 387-402.

Cunningham, G. B. (2010). Understanding the under-representation of African American coaches: A multilevel perspective. Sport Management Review, 13, 395-406. 

Cunningham, G. B. (2010). How closely do you identify? The interactive effects of perceived religious dissimilarity and religious personal identity on perceived value dissimilarity and job satisfaction. Social Justice Research, 23,60-76.

Reprinted in: Cunningham, G. B. (2013). Sport management(pp. 481-497). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.  

Cunningham, G. B., & Bopp, T. D. (2010). Race ideology perpetuated: Media representations of newly hired football coaches. Journal of Sports Media, 5(1), 1-19.

Cunningham, G. B., Bopp. T. D., & Sagas, M. (2010). Overcoming cultural barriers in sport management study abroad programs: The influence of extended inter-group contact. International Journal of Sport Management, 11, 347-359.

Cunningham, G. B., & Singer, J. N. (2010). “You’ll face discrimination wherever you go”: Student athletes’ intentions to enter the coaching profession. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40,1708-1727.

Cunningham, G. B., & Sartore, M. L. (2010). Championing diversity: The influence of personal and organizational antecedents. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40, 788-810.  

Cunningham, G. B., Sartore, M. L., & McCullough, B. P. (2010). The influence of applicant sexual orientation and rater sex on ascribed attributions and hiring recommendations of personal trainers. Journal of Sport Management, 24, 400-415.

McCullough, B. P., & Cunningham, G. B. (2010). A conceptual model to understand the impetus to engage in and the expected organizational outcomes of green initiatives. Quest, 62, 348-363.

Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2010). The lesbian label as a component of women’s stigmatization in sport organizations:  A comparison of two health and kinesiology departments. Journal of Sport Management, 24, 481-501.

Cunningham, G. B. (2009). Examining the relationships among coaching staff diversity, perceptions of diversity, value congruence, and life satisfaction. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, 326-335.

Cunningham, G. B. (2009). The moderating effect of diversity strategy on the relationship between racial diversity and organizational performance. Journal of Applied Social Psychology,36, 1445-1460.

Cunningham, G. B. (2009). Understanding the diversity-related change process: A field study. Journal of Sport Management, 23, 407-428.

Cunningham, G. B., & Singer, J. N. (2009). Not all students are alike: Differences in the decision to enter the sport and leisure industry. International Journal of Sport Management, 10, 350-365. (Authors contributed equally)

Cunningham, G. B., Ferreira, M., & Fink, J. S. (2009). Reactions to prejudicial statements: The influence of statement content and characteristics of the commenter. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, & Practice13, 59-73.

Cunningham, G. B., Sartore, M. L., Chaney, J. D. & Chaney, E. H. (2009). Student ratings of women and men in the classroom: A match-up hypothesis perspective. American Journal of Health Studies, 29, 365-373.

McDowell, J., & Cunningham, G. B. (2009). The influence of diversity perspectives on Black female athletic administrators’ identity negotiations outcomes. Quest, 61, 202-222.

McDowell, J., Cunningham, G. B., & Singer, J. N. (2009). The supply and demand side of occupational segregation: The case of an intercollegiate athletic department. Journal of African American Studies, 13, 431-454.

Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2009). Sexual prejudice, participatory decisions, and panoptic control: Implications for sexual minorities in sport. Sex Roles, 60,100-113.

Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2009). The effects of the lesbian label in the sport context: Implications for women of all sexual orientations. Quest, 61, 289-305.

Waltemyer, D. S., & Cunningham, G. B. (2009). The influence of team diversity on assists and team performance among National Hockey League Teams. InternationalJournal of Sport Management, 10, 391-409.

Cunningham, G. B. (2008). Commitment to diversity and its influence on athletic department outcomes.Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 1, 176-201.

Cunningham, G. B. (2008). Understanding diversity in intercollegiate athletics. Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education, 2, 321-338.

Cunningham, G. B. (2008). The influence of race on barriers to physical activity. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual, 23, 175-193.

Cunningham, G. B. (2008). Creating and sustaining gender diversity in sport organizations. Sex Roles58, 136-145.

Cunningham, G. B. (2008). The importance of friendship potential in reducing the negative effects of group diversity. The Journal of Social Psychology, 148, 595-608.

Cunningham, G. B., & Benavides-Espinoza, C. (2008). A trend analysis of sexual harassment claims: 1992-2006. Psychological Reports, 103, 779-782.

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2008). Gender and sex diversity in sport organizations: Introduction to a special issue. Sex Roles,58, 3-9. (Editor Reviewed)

Cunningham, G. B., & Xiang, P. (2008). Testing the mediating role of motivational climate in the relationship between achievement goals and satisfaction: Are the relationships invariant across sex? Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 192-204. (Authors contributed equally).

Cunningham, G. B., Choi, J. H., & Sagas, M. (2008). Personal identity and perceived dissimilarity among college athletes. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, & Practice, 12, 167-177.

Cunningham, G. B., Fink, J. S., & Kenix, L. J. (2008). Choosing an endorser for a women’s sporting event: The interaction of attractiveness and expertise. Sex Roles, 58, 371-378.

Jones, G. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2008). The impact of sport management students’ perceptions of study abroad programs on their intentions to study abroad. Sport Management Review, 11, 149-163.

McDowell, J., & Cunningham, G. B. (2008). Reactions to physical contact among coaches and players: The influence of coach sex, player sex, and attitudes toward women. Sex Roles, 58, 761-767.

Choi, J. H., Sagas, M., Park, S. H., & Cunningham, G. B. (2007). The effects of transformational leadership on job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behavior. International Journal of Sport Management, 8, 427-446.

Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Perceptions as reality: The influence of actual and perceived demographic dissimilarity. Journal of Business and Psychology, 22, 79-89.

Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Development of the Physical Activity Class Satisfaction Questionnaire (PACSQ). Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 11, 161-176.

Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Opening the black box: The influence of perceived diversity and a common in-group identity in diverse groups. Journal of Sport Management, 21, 58-78.

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2007). Perceived treatment discrimination among coaches: The influence of race and sport coached. International Journal of Sport Management,8, 1-20.

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2007). Examining potential differences between men and women in the impact of treatment discrimination. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37, 3010-3024.

Cunningham, G. B., Doherty, A. J., & Gregg, M. J. (2007). Using social cognitive career theory to understand head coaching intentions among assistant coaches of women’s teams. Sex Roles, 56, 365-372.

Cunningham, G. B., & Waltemyer, D. S. (2007). The moderating effect of outcome interdependence on the relationship between task conflict and group performance. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 38, 163-177.

Kim, J. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Understanding the role of organizational support for coaches. International Journal of Sport Management, 8,170-179.

McDowell, J., & Cunningham, G. B. (2007). The prevalence of occupational segregation in athletic administrative positions. International Journal of Sport Management, 8, 245-262.

Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Homosexual coaches and their teams: Liking differences based on sex and sport participation. Psychological Reports, 101, 270-272.

Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Explaining the under-representation of women in leadership positions of sport organizations: A symbolic interactionist perspective. Quest, 59, 244-265.

Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Weight discrimination, hiring recommendations, person-job fit and attributions: Implications for the fitness industry. Journal of Sport Management, 21, 172-193.

Bennett, G., Cunningham, G., & Dees, W. (2006). Measuring the marketing communication activations of a professional tennis tournament. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 15, 91-101.

Bruening, J. E., & Cunningham, G. B. (2006). Student perceptions of barriers and supports in sport and leisure careers. International Journal of Sport Management7, 445-458.

Cunningham, G. B. (2006). Examining the relationships among coping with change, demographic dissimilarity, and championing behavior. Sport Management Review, 9, 253-270.

Cunningham, G. B. (2006). The influence of group diversity on intergroup bias following recategorization. The Journal of Social Psychology, 146, 533-547.

Cunningham, G. B. (2006). The influence of demographic dissimilarity on affective reactions to physical activity classes. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 28, 127-142.

Cunningham, G. B. (2006). The relationship among commitment to change, coping with change, and turnover intentions. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 15, 29-45.

Reprinted in: Cunningham, G. B. (2013). Sport management(pp. 379-395). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.  

Cunningham, G. B. (2006). Does structure make a difference? The effects of organizational structure on job satisfaction and organizational commitment. International Journal of Sport Management, 7, 327-346.

Cunningham, G. B., & Fink, J. S. (2006). Diversity issues in sport and leisure: Introduction to a special issue. Journal of Sport Management, 20, 455-465. (Editor reviewed)

Cunningham, G. B., & Fitzgerald, A. O. (2006). The influence of message content on reactions to Title IX. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual, 21, 238-258.

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2006). The influence of person-organization fit, leader-member exchange, and organizational commitment on organizational turnover intentions. International Journal of Sport Management, 7, 31-49.

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2006). The role of perceived demographic dissimilarity and interaction in customer service satisfaction. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36, 1654-1673.

Cunningham, G. B., Bruening, J. E., & Straub. T. (2006). Examining the under-representation of African Americans in NCAA Division I head-coaching positions. Journal of Sport Management, 20, 387-417.

Dixon, M. A., & Cunningham, G. B. (2006). Multi-level analysis in sport management: Conceptual issues and review of aggregation techniques. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 10(2), 85-107.

Sagas, M., Cunningham, G. B., & Pastore, D. L. (2006). Predicting head coaching intentions of male and female assistant coaches: An application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. Sex Roles,54, 695-705.

Sagas, M., Cunningham, G.B., & Teed, K. (2006). Examining homologous reproduction in the representation of assistant coaches of women’s teams. Sex Roles, 55, 503-510.

Sagas, M., Paetzold, R., & Cunningham, G. B. (2006). Effects of supervisor-subordinate demographic diversity on the job satisfaction experienced by assistant coaches.International Journal of Sport Management, 7, 141-159. 

Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2006). Stereotypes, race, and coaching. Journal of African American Studies, 10(2), 69-83.

Cunningham, G. B. (2005). The importance of a common in-group identity in ethnically diverse groups. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 9, 251-260.

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2005). Access discrimination in intercollegiate athletics. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 29, 148-163.

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2005). Diversified dyads in the coaching profession. International Journal of Sport Management,6, 305-323. 

Cunningham, G. B., Fink, J. S., & Sagas, M. (2005). Extensions and further examination of the job embeddedness construct. Journal of Sport Management, 19, 319-335.

Cunningham, G. B., Bruening, J., Sartore, M. L., Sagas, M., & Fink, J. S. (2005). The application of social cognitive career theory to sport and leisure career choices. Journal of Career Development, 32, 122-138.

Cunningham, G. B., Sagas, M., Dixon, M. A., Kent, A., & Turner, B. A. (2005). Anticipated career success, affective occupational commitment, and intentions to enter the sport management profession. Journal of Sport Management, 19, 43-57.

Dixon, M. A., Cunningham, G. B., Turner, B. A., Sagas, M., & Kent, A. (2005). Challenge is key: An investigation of organizational commitment in undergraduate interns. Journal of Education for Business, 80, 172-180.

Fink, J. S., & Cunningham, G. B. (2005). The effects of racial and gender dyad diversity on work experiences of university athletics personnel. International Journal of Sport Management, 6,199-213.

Kim, J. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2005). Moderating effects of organizational support on the relationship between work experiences and job satisfaction among university coaches. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 36, 50-64.

Sagas, M., & Cunningham, G. B. (2005). Racial differences in the career success of assistant football coaches: The role of discrimination, human capital, and social capital. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35, 773-797. 

Sagas, M., & Cunningham, G. B. (2005). Work and family conflict among college assistant coaches. International Journal of Sport Management, 6, 183-197.  

Bianco, B., Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2004). The economic impact of professional tennis. Journal of Contemporary Athletics, 1,125-136

Cunningham, G. B. (2004). Strategies for transforming the possible negative effects of group diversity. Quest, 56, 421-438.

Cunningham, G. B. (2004). Already aware of the glass ceiling: Race related effects of perceived opportunity on the career choices of college athletes. Journal of African American Studies, 7(1), 57-71. 

Cunningham, G. B., & Chelladurai, P. (2004). Affective reactions to cross-functional teams: The impact of size, relative performance, and common in-group identity. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 8,83-97. 

Cunningham, G. B., & Mahoney, K. L. (2004). Self-efficacy of part-time employees in university athletics: The influence of organizational commitment, valence of training, and training motivation. Journal of Sport Management, 18, 59-73. 

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2004). Examining the main and interactive effects of deep- and surface-level diversity on job satisfaction and organizational turnover intentions. Organizational Analysis, 12, 319-332.

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2004). Group diversity, occupational commitment, and occupational turnover intentions among NCAA Division IA football coaching staffs. Journal of Sport Management, 18, 236-254. 

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2004). People make the difference: The influence of human capital and diversity on team performance. European Sport Management Quarterly, 4, 3-22.

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2004). Racial differences in occupational turnover intent among NCAA Division IA assistant football coaches. Sociology of Sport Journal, 21, 84-92.

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2004). The effect of group diversity on organizational commitment. International Sports Journal, 8(1), 124-131.  

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2004). Work experiences, occupational commitment and intent to enter the sport management profession. Physical Educator, 61,146-156.   

Cunningham, G. B., Sagas, M., Sartore, M. L., Amsden, M. L., & Schellhase, A. (2004). Gender representation in the NCAA News: Is the glass half full or half empty? Sex Roles, 50, 861-870.

Fink, J. S., Cunningham, G. B., & Kensicki, L. J. (2004). Utilizing athletes as endorsers to sell women’s sport: Attractiveness versus expertise. Journal of Sport Management, 18,350-367.

Sagas, M., & Cunningham, G. B. (2004). Does having the “right stuff” matter? Gender differences in the determinants of career success among intercollegiate athletic administrators. Sex Roles, 50, 411-421.

Sagas, M., & Cunningham, G. B. (2004). The impact of relational gender in head coach-assistant coach dyads. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual, 19, 109-136. 

Sagas, M., & Cunningham, G. B. (2004). The impact of supervisor support on career outcomes of the senior woman administrator. International Journal of Sport Management, 5, 229-242. 

Sagas, M., & Cunningham, G.B. (2004). Treatment discrimination in college coaching: Its prevalence and impact on the career success of assistant basketball coaches. International Sports Journal, 8(1), 76-88. 

Sagas, M., Cunningham, G.B., & Fink, J.S. (2004). Downfalls of embeddedness: Examining the effects of job embeddedness on head coaching intentions of women assistant coaches. Journal of Contemporary Athletics, 1,353-362.

Sartore, M. L., Cunningham, G. B., & Fielding, L. (2004). Player satisfaction and future participation intentions: The case of professional tennis players. Journal of Contemporary Athletics1, 387-399.

Cunningham, G. B. (2003). Human resources as sources of competitive advantage: A resource-based view of the athletic department. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual, 18, 37-58. 

Cunningham, G. B. (2003). Media coverage of women’s sport: A new look at an old problem. Physical Educator, 60(2), 43-49.   

Cunningham, G. B., & Dixon, M. A. (2003). New perspectives concerning performance appraisals of intercollegiate coaches. Quest, 55,177-192.

Cunningham, G. B., & Kwon, H. (2003). The theory of planned behavior and intentions to attend a sport event. Sport Management Review, 6, 127-145. 

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2003). Treatment discrimination among coaches of women’s teams. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 74, 455-466.  

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2003). Occupational turnover intent among coaches of women’s teams: The role of organizational work experiences. Sex Roles, 49,185-190. 

Cunningham, G. B., Sagas, M., & Ashley, F. B. (2003). Coaching self-efficacy, desire to head coach, and occupational turnover intent: Gender differences between NCAA assistant coaches of women’s teams. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 34, 125-137. 

Cunningham, G. B. (2002). Examining the relationship among Miles and Snow’s strategic types and measures of organizational effectiveness in NCAA Division I athletic departments. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 37, 159-175.

Cunningham, G. B. (2002). Removing the blinders: Toward an integrative model of organizational change in sport and physical activity. Quest, 54, 276-291. 

Cunningham, G. B., & Ashley, F. B. (2002). Debilitative and facilitative perceptions of trait anxiety among students in a golf class. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 94, 739-742.

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2002). The differential effects of human capital for male and female Division I basketball coaches. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73, 489-495. 

Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2002). Utilizing a different perspective: Brand equity and media coverage of intercollegiate athletics. International Sports Journal, 6, 134-145. 

Cunningham, G. B., & Ashley, F. B. (2001). Isomorphic tendencies in NCAA athletic departments: The use of competing theories and advancement of theory. Sport Management Review, 4, 47-63. 

Cunningham, G. B., & Dollar, J. E. (2001). Tarnished rings. Sociology of Sport On-line, 4(1). Available: http://psyched.otago.ac.nz/sosol/v4i1/vri1rings.html

Cunningham, G. B., & Rivera, C. A. (2001). Structural designs within American intercollegiate athletic departments. The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 4, 369-390. 

Cunningham, G. B., Keiper, P. E., Sagas, M., & Ashley, F. B. (2001). Initial reliability of the Coaching Isomorphism Questionnaire for NCAA coaches. Psychological Reports, 88, 332-334. 

Cunningham, G. B., Sagas, M., & Ashley, F. B. (2001). Examining federal and state pay equity laws. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual, 2001, 44-62. 

Cunningham, G. B., Sagas, M., & Ashley, F. B. (2001). Occupational commitment and intent to leave the coaching profession: Differences according to race. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 16, 131-148. 

Cunningham, G. B. (2000). Trait anxiety among students in college golf classes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 91, 693-695. 

Sagas, M., Cunningham, G. B., & Ashley, F. B. (2000). Examining the women’s coaching deficit through the perspective of assistant coaches. International Journal of Sport Management, 1, 267-282. 

Sagas, M., Cunningham, G. B., Wigley, B. J., & Ashley, F. B. (2000). Internet coverage of university softball and baseball Web sites: The inequity continues. Sociology of Sport Journal, 17, 196-203.

Reprinted in: In D. Rowe (Ed.) Critical readings: Sport, culture and the media(pp. 340-349). Berkshire, UK: McGraw Hill. 

Sagas, M., Wigley, B. J., Cunningham, G. B., & Ashley, F. A. (2000). Completing the evolution: Revenue sharing through the Sears Director’s Cup as a catalyst to achieve substantial proportionality. Sociology of Sport On-line, 3(1). Available: http://psyched.otago.ac.nz.sosol/v3i1/v3i1s1.html

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