Diversity among Latinos in the US
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Latinos represent a large portion of the Texas population, including 50 percent of the school children. They are also the largest minority group in the US, constituting 17 percent of the population.
While researchers and policy makers frequently discuss Latinos as a singular, homogeneous population, that is, of course, not the case. Instead, Latinos come from different countries, have varied experiences, and have access to a diverse range of opportunities.
Data recently released from the Pew Research Center help illustrate this point. The research company analyzed data from the 14 largest Latino origin groups.
Results show that Mexicans far outpace other origin groups, as they represent 64 percent of Latinos in the US. Most Latinos in America are US-born or naturalized citizens. Those with the highest citizenship rate are Puerto Ricans, Spaniards, Cubans, and Mexicans.
Latino groups differ in number of other ways, too. Mexicans, for example, have the lowest mean age at 26 years, while Cubans are the oldest, at 40 years on average. As a point of comparison, the mean age of all people in the US is 37.
Finally, there are differences in income, too. Argentinians have the highest median income at $63,000. This amount is considerably higher than the median for all Latinos, which is $41,000, and the group with the lowest income, which are Dominicans at about $34,000.
Together, these data show that although there are consistencies, such as most Latinos being citizens, there are also differences in this group based on a number of factors. The findings serve as a good reminder of that diversity exists even among people we commonly consider as a singular group.