Demographics and the 2018 Elections

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The 2018 mid-term elections have come and gone, but analysis of how people voted continues. This is the case for the Pew Research Center, which recently conducted an analysis to examine the role of demographics and other personal characteristics. 

Nationally, voters favored Democrats over Republics by about 7 percent, but that only tells part of the story. Men were more likely than women to vote Republican, 51 percent and 40 percent, respectively. 

Racial differences were also present. Fifty-four percent of Whites voted for Republicans, compared to just 9 percent of Blacks, 29 percent of Hispanics, and 23 percent of Asians who reported doing so. 

Gender and race also intersected to produce an interesting pattern. Compared to the national averages for their genders, White men and White women are more likely to vote Republican.

Further, among Whites, college women largely voted Democrat, at a 59 percent clip. This figure was higher than White women who were not college educated or White men of any educational background.

Age also influenced voting patterns. Younger people were likely to vote Democrat. However, older voters were more evenly divided. Among people age 45 or older, 50 percent voted Republican, compared to 49 percent who voted Democrat.

Finally, attitudes toward diversity issues influenced voting patterns. Voters who believed Whites were favored in America were likely to support Democrats, while those who believed racial minorities had more advantages cast their support for Republicans. In addition, people were likely to support a Democrat when they viewed sexual harassment as a serious problem, but they voted Republican when they considered sexual harassment as not serious. 

The analyses show that demographics and attitudes toward social issues are good predictors of how people vote. As the US continues to shift demographically, politicians and research centers will undoubtedly keep a close watch on these trends.